Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals. The scope of veterinary medicine is wide, covering all animal species, both domesticated and wild, with a wide range of conditions which can affect different species. Veterinary science deals with the health and wellbeing of animals. Much like a medical degree, it covers everything from preventative care to psychological assessment to complex surgical procedures.
Animal welfare entails the state of an animal, the type of treatment the animal is being subjected to which is covered in terms like animal husbandry, humane treatment, and animal care. Animal welfare deals with providing for the mental and physical needs of the animal. At a glance, it is a multifaceted issue that comprises of ethical, cultural, religious, economic, scientific, and political dimensions.
Behavior is the full scope of mannerisms and actions exhibited by individuals, systems, organisms, or artificial entities in collaboration with themselves and the environment, which involves other organisms or systems around the same inanimate environment. The manner in which a natural phenomenon or machine functions are often referred to as behavior.
Laboratory Animal Medicine
Laboratory Animal Medicine is a field of science involved in safety screening and biomedical research to replace animals with non-animal alternatives when practical and possible and when the alternatives are acceptable for consumption. If the use of animals is necessary, workers are expected to provide responsible and humane care for them using husbandry practices that reduce discomfort and stress.
Nutrition can be defined as the intake of food concerning one’s dietary needs. Nutrition can also be referred to as the science that interprets the interaction of food and other nutrients in relation to growth, health, maintenance, reproduction, and disease of an organism. Nutrition helps to increase immunity, reduce susceptibility to disease, improve mental and physical development, and most importantly is required by cells and organisms to stay alive.
Poultry veterinarians are special types of animal practitioners that specialize in poultry management and medicine. They are licensed professionals with specialized training in the management and care of poultry animals like turkeys, ducks, and chickens. It is also the job of a Poultry Veterinarian to ensure the well-being and care of all the Poultry animals. He or she must be able to diagnose and treat disease in these feathered animals.
Theriogenology is a field of science that deals with the different aspects of reproductive medicine and surgery. This field includes the basics sciences of physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and anatomy. It also contains elements of clinical practice that relates female and male animal production, neonatology, and obstetrics. Theriogenology gathers male and female mammals, their reproduction, physiology, and pathology.
Toxicology is a branch of science that entails and deals with the effect of chemicals on living organisms. The process involves reporting and observing systems, treatment, and detection of toxic substances, and mechanism of chemicals concerning living organisms. The discipline of toxicology overlaps with chemistry, pharmacology, medicine, and biology. The field of science helps in understanding how chemical substances affect humans, animals, and the environment.
Veterinary Practitioners are types of doctors that diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and sicknesses in all kinds of animals. They also help They also help to advise on preventative measures on the animals. This field has different specialties, and they range from dentistry to animal welfare, and much more. They are ABVP certified and are licensed to operate on animals, as well as to provide advice on the best ways to treat animals.