Veterinary Science Veterinarian and assistant working in surgery room

Veterinary Science (the Ultimate Guide to Becoming a Veterinarian)

A Long-Standing Bond

Veterinary science is the study of animals with regards to their health and well-being, making it essentially veterinary medicine. The scope and general importance of veterinary science doesn't come as a surprise when you take a look at history. We have lived in harmony with many species of animals for thousands and thousands of years. Many of them we have come to rely on for protection, food, labor, and even friendship. For all these reasons people want animals to be as healthy as possible. We've even put a lot of work into writing material about how to do so, some of which you can find in the veterinary science articles and books on Direct Knowledge.

As for the field itself, veterinary science is actually a branch of medicine. But instead of dealing with humans, as classic medicine typically does, it takes care of animals. This includes diagnosing diseases and injuries, treating them, and preventing further ailments. It also faces an extra challenge that other branches of medicine don't: it includes all species of animals, and all levels of domestication. This gives it a huge scope, so you'll find many topics to read about in the veterinary science books in this category.

Veterinary Science Articles

Humans have strong relationships with countless animal species the world over, leading to a significant collection of knowledge on how to properly care for them. Because there are so many species, we're always learning new things and the field is always growing. This category of Direct Knowledge explains the broader aspects of the field and also looks into some more niche areas with a range of veterinary science articles.

Main Topics of Veterinary Science Articles

Much in the same way that medical doctors are viewed as being able to treat all human subjects, veterinarians are frequently lumped to together in one category of doctors able to treat all animal patients. But the animal kingdom is enormous, and there's a lot to be done. It's true that most veterinarians won't specialize in just one animal species, however, they do focus on the following broader areas that are covered in the veterinary science articles in this category:

Types of Vets

Small-Animal Vets

These veterinarians focus on smaller animals such as domestic cats, dogs, and birds. The small size of these animals requires specific equipment and techniques. Because of the size difference, these are often not applicable to larger animals. The patients are also frequently pets with sentimental value, making bed-side manners something the vets might need to consider.

Large-Animal Vets

Larger animals such as cows, horses, sheep, or even wild fauna and sea mammals have different needs in terms of medicine and equipment. They might require the vet to visit them in the field rather than trying get them in a vet's office. They will also need larger amounts and different types of medicine. These animals are often farm animals, but can also be animals found in zoos or even in the wild during animal research. This can make them a bit more dangerous to work with, requiring certain skills of caution.


In addition to size, a vet can choose to specialize in a certain species, class, level of domestication, or even location of animal. Domestic vs. wild, mammal vs. reptile, land dwelling vs. sea faring, and specific colonies or populations are all factors that might come into play. The veterinary science articles here might introduce you to new fields and niches that interest you.

Skills of Veterinarians

Just like human doctors, veterinarians have a large range of topics and skills they study. And because they study these for various animals, the resulting collection of knowledge is incredibly large. The following are just a handful of the areas they can cover:


The study of animal behavior looks at why animals behave the way they do. It involves studying physiology, psychology, and anatomy of the animals, and can provide insights into our own behavior. It can also help us optimize our relationships with animals through understanding their ideal conditions.


Skin problems are very common in all animals, and can have huge affects on their health. They can harm the animal, decrease productivity, and even sometimes transfer over to humans. Keeping the skin healthy is one of the first steps for veterinarians in maintaining the well-being of animals.


When more complicated procedures are necessary, anesthesia is often necessary for keep the animal unconscious. In all animals, including humans, anesthetic medicine is usually its own distinct category due to how complicated it can be. If it interests you, keep an eye out for some veterinary science articles that touch on the subject.


Pathology focuses on the causes, effects, and spread of disease. In animal populations, this is particularly important as they have fewer protections and preventative measures against natural illnesses than humans do with advanced medicine. And, if a disease starts to spread, it can affect humans by spreading to human populations or contaminating food supplies. This area often involves veterinarians performing biopsies on tissue from living animals to determine the problem at hand. For a deeper intro to even more veterinary science topics, check out this article.

Veterinary Specialty Organizations

Because they work with animals rather than humans, veterinarians often have less formal supervision than human doctors. This is primarily just from a human rights and liabilities standpoint that doesn't see as many repercussions in the field for humans. However, being a “veterinarian” is still a protected term that requires real qualifications and registration to properly obtain. Even in less developed parts of the world, veterinarians are usually recognized as professionals held to a certain standard.

A number of organizations exist to evaluate, test, classify, teach, survey, and regulate the industry and professionals within it. The organizations act in two ways: to enhance veterinary medicine contributions and practices, and to engage other entities such as the government and public in these contributions. The veterinary science articles here include further information on these important organizations and their roles in the field.


Unlike advancements in astronomy or technology, veterinary science isn't typically something the average person looks into in their spare time. This is why many of the journals are of a highly technical level, often academic and peer reviewed. That said, there are still sources to keep up on new happenings in the field through nature magazines and other resources. For example, has a veterinary journal section, and National Geographic or Nature cover the topic on occasion. The veterinary science articles in this category can help you find and understand these sources of information, and figure out which one is best for you.

Career-Focused Veterinary Science Articles and Information

If the more technical journals interest you, you might be cut out for a career in the field. Similar to regular doctors, a veterinary profession requires an advanced education, but makes a high salary at a median of over 93,000 dollars per year. Currently, the field is growing much faster than the average growth of other professions. This makes it likely that you'll be able to kick off a career in full force. And, most importantly, the job is full of satisfaction knowing that you're contributing to the well-being of life on this planet, both for humans and our animal brethren. There are plenty of role models to follow in the field, so read up on their stories to help inspire your own.

Veterinary Science Books

Veterinary science, also known as veterinary medicine, is a competitive and rigorous field. But most who work in the field would probably agree that the reward is worth it. You can interact with and care for animals in ways that improve their lives and the lives of their owners. It just takes some hard to work to get properly trained in the relevant sciences, and the veterinary science books on Direct Knowledge are here to help you get through that part.

Veterinary Science Books A veterinary ophthalmologist makes a medical procedure examines the eyes of a dog with an injured eye and an assistant helps her to hold her head.jpeg

Veterinary Science Books to Help with Skills and Degrees

Useful Skills

Besides topics covering the animals themselves, there are a number of other key skills to have as a veterinary worker. Communication (probably more with owners than with patients) is key. Although having a way with animals is of course important as well. So is business management, and even knowledge of laws and ethics that apply to the place where you work.

So, books like Animals & Ethics 101 are sure to be helpful in learning about the ethics related directly to the field. But also be sure to check out some other categories besides veterinary science books that can provide supplemental skills and knowledge in these areas. For instance, biology, chemistry, and medicine might all provide some insights that also apply here.

Differences From General Medicine

When it comes to human vs animal medicine, there's not a huge difference. Medicine tends to focus on humans more, but at a biological level animals are just as complex. Instead of a focus on human biology, the books here look at the similarities that most animals share and take a look at some of the key aspects that differ between them.

Books like Veterinary Epidemiology can help you learn about this complexity. It doesn't go straight into medical practice on animals; rather, it explains how animals' bodies work. But practical applications are still included, such as how to recognize and treat various diseases and conditions.

But, to work in the field, you'll ultimately need a doctorate-level degree that usually takes about four years to complete. The veterinary science books here can help you through both the bachelor's that comes before as well as higher degrees. You'll also gain lab research skills, clinic skills, and a lot of biology knowledge. Instead of a focus on human biology, you'll look at the similarities that most animals share and take a look at some of the key aspects that differ between them.

It's a lot to cover, but we can help you brush up on these skills to get through your degree or professional hurdles. In fact, you'll need to be very comfortable with some of them, like biology and chemistry, before even starting a veterinary degree. So start reading early! The veterinary science books as well as those found in other Direct Knowledge categories can help you reach your goals.

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