Types of Programming

17 Types of Programming (Explained For You)

Programming is a field of study that entails the creation of computer applications, websites, and software. Programming encompasses the use of a general-purpose language that is designed extensively for the use of writing programs and software in the widest variety of application domains. Programming provides a way for users to communicate with the computer through a set of instructions called “code.”


The study of algorithms attempts to quantify the efficiency of algorithms, or pre-defined, step-by-step procedures, primarily used in computer science. This field of mathematics has applications to artificial intelligence and machine learning in addition to other areas of computer science.

API Development

API Is a computer science term defined as a set of communication protocols, subroutine definitions, and tools for building software. API development provides all the building blocks needed by a programmer to develop a computer program. It can be applied to a database system, web-based system, computer hardware, operating system, or software library.

Application Development

This is the process of building a program or set of programs to execute the multiple tasks that a business requires. The full range of tasks executed can include scheduling sales reports to calculating monthly expenses, and the applications created to assist businesses automation processes in increasing productivity. In layman terms, application development is the process of building desktop application software.

Back-end Development

Back-end development entails any type of software development and architecture of a system that is not related to creating code that can be used to build a user interface. Programmers utilize back-end development as a tool write code that cannot be viewed directly. The logic behind applications you use is the core principle through which back-end development operates.

C & C++ Programming

C & C++ are general purpose programming languages. C is a high-level, structured and multipurpose programing language that resembles other notable programming languages like Pascal, PL/1, and FORTRAN. C cannot be referred to as a “Pure High-Level Language.” C++ is a general-purpose programming language with generic and object-oriented programming features that also allows for low-level memory manipulation.

Cloud Computing

At its basics, cloud computing is the delivery of servers, databases, storage services, analytics, networking, intelligence, and more computing services over the internet to provide flexible resources, faster innovation, and economies of scale. It is divided into three main models which include hybrid cloud, public cloud, and private cloud. The term can be used to describe the delivery of applications, database storage, compute power and other IT services through the Internet.

Data Science

Data science is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines various algorithms, scientific methods, tools, machine learning principles, scientific processes, and systems to discover hidden patterns and extract insights and knowledge from raw data in various ways, whether it is structured and unstructured, in a similar way to data mining.

Embedded Systems Development

Embedded system development is the process of building a programmed operating system with a dedicated function within a broader electrical or mechanical system that serves a broader purpose, often with real-time computing challenges. It is integrated as part of the complete device and can include both mechanical and hardware parts.


Java is a multipurpose general computer programming language that is class-based, object-oriented, specifically designed, and concurrent to have as little implementation dependency as possible. Java was created with the aim of allowing application developers to write codes and run it anywhere as long as the platform supports Java without needing recompilation. Java is owned by Oracle and was created in 1995.


JavaScript is an interpreted high-level programming language. This programming is characterized as weakly typed, dynamic, multi-paradigm, and prototype-based. JavaScript stands as one of the three cores technologies of the World Wide Web along with CSS and HTML. JavaScript is an interpreted, JIT compiled, a lightweight programming language with one of the best functions when it comes to programming.

Mobile Development

Mobile development is the process where mobile applications are developed for mobile devices’ apps like enterprise digital assistants, personal digital assistants or mobile browsers. These applications can be pre-installed on phones from the manufacturer, or delivered as a web application through client-side processing or server-side. Mobile development is similar to Web development and has its roots in traditional software development.


Python is a sophisticated high-level programming language interpreted for general-purpose programming. It was first released in 1991 and was created by Guido van Rossum. Python is equipped with a design philosophy that ensures code readability using significant whitespace. Python is the perfect programming language for beginners because of its simple easy-to-use syntax and its readability.

Security Software Development

Security Software development is a practice that ensures that the processes and codes used in the development of applications are very secure. Developers can create better applications and software when they follow the secure software development practice. Secure Software development entails different processes like secure coding and implementing the Security Development Lifecycle.

Software Tools Development

Software tools development involves the creation of computer programs that are used by software programmers to maintain, debug, or support additional programs and applications. Every computer problem requires a software tool to devise strategic solutions, and the development of such tools is based on the continual requirements of computer users to identify and solve coding problems.


SQL is a standard programming language for manipulating, retrieving, and storing data in various databases. SQL is an acronym for Structured Query Language, it is a domain-specific language used in programming and sometimes mainly for managing and manipulating data in an RDBMS (Relational Database Management System. It can also be used for stream processing in the data stream management system (RDSMS).


Swift is an intuitive and powerful programming language for tvOS, iOS, macOS, and watch operating systems. Swift is very fun and interactive to write, and its syntax is expressive yet concise. Swift is also equipped with different modern features that developers find handy. Swift code is very safe by design, and it is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language developed by Apple Inc themselves.

Web Development

Web development otherwise known as web programming is defined as the collective work involved in developing an intranet (private network) or a website (World Wide Web) for the internet. It is simply known as the development of dynamic web applications. Web development can be a collaborative effort or the domain of a particular department.

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