This is a form of psychology that revolves around the study of irregular patterns regarding emotion, thought, and behavior, and their effect on mental disorders. This branch of psychology aims to unravel behavioral patterns in a clinical context. Simply put, it deals with abnormal behavior and psychopathology as a clinical disorder, with disorders ranging from obsessive-compulsive disorder to depression, and personality disorders.
Applied psychology involves utilizing psychological findings and methods of scientific psychology to solve practical problems of animal and human behavior and experience. It entails the use of psychological theories and principles to solve problems like business management, product design, mental health, ergonomics, education, and law.
Biological psychology focuses primarily on psychological events and the relationship between psychological processes (the mind-body phenomenon). It is the application of biological principles to the study of genetic, physiological, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in animals and human beings. Biological psychology takes a biological approach to the belief that human behavior is the result of physiology and genetics.
Cognitive psychology is a branch of mental science that explores the mind as a medium that processes information. It can be regarded as a school of psychology that studies built-in mental processes such as memory, problem-solving, and language. It focuses on the way information is processed and can be defined as the investigation of how human take in, process, and store information.
Developmental psychology is the scientific study that explores the cognitive and intellectual changes that occur in humans throughout their life. Originally, this discipline operated exclusively with infants and children but has now been adapted to accommodate adolescence, adult aging, development, and the entire lifespan. It also involves the study of theoretical areas, such as social, cognitive, emotional, and biological processes.
Evolutionary psychology is the theoretical approach to psychology that aims to analyze the beneficial psychological and mental traits such as language, perception, or memory as adaptations as the functional consequences of natural selection. Basically, it examines psychological structures through the lens of evolution.
Experimental psychology analyzes the interaction between the mind and human behavior. It is a discipline that is mainly based on facts, experimentation, and scientific research. Hence, experimental psychologists utilize research variables to determine relationships between behavior and cognition. It is not a particular branch of psychology but instead refers to techniques and methods through which psychologists collect and analyze data.
General psychology is a field of science that mainly concerns itself with the study of the mind. This includes perception, behavior, emotion, and cognition. Psychology has been around for a long time; it is as old as the first time people started to think about other people’s thought. Psychology segregated itself from regular medicine in the 18th century, and it is now considered a recognized science in the modern world.
Mathematical psychology is a sub-field of psychology that studies psychological research based on mathematical modeling of thought, perceptual, cognitive and motor processes, and the establishment of rules that collates quantifiable behavior with quantifiable stimulus characteristics. Several sub-areas originated by mathematical psychologists include the foundation of measurements, psychologically motivated reformulations, and foundations of measurements.
Neuropsychology is a branch of neurology and psychology that focuses on understanding the functions and structures of the brain in relation to particular psychological processes the field id both clinical and experimental with the aim to understand how cognition and behavior are influenced by the brain function and the treatment of cognitive and behavioral effects of neurological disorders.
Personality psychology can be defined as a branch of psychology that studies different personalities in human and how they vary individually. This field strives to understand how different personalities varies among individuals and how some are similar regarding character. Personality psychology also helps to diagnose and treat different personality disorders that can hinder individual’s day to day activities.
Psychiatry is the branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders. Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders. These include various maladaptations related to mood, behavior, cognition, and perceptions.
Psychoanalysis can be defined as a methodology of treating mental disorders, molded by psychoanalysis theory and emphasizes other unconscious mental processes. Psychoanalysis is sometimes referred to as depth psychology. The psychoanalytic movement first originated in the clinical formulations and observations of Sigmund Freud, and Australian psychiatrist who also coined the term psychoanalysis.
Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of behavior and mind. Psychology is a social science, and it moves towards understanding groups and individuals by researching specific cases and establishing general principles. Psychology is multifaceted, and it includes many sub-disciplines of study like sports, clinical, cognitive processes, social behavior, and human development.
Psychophysics is a branch of psychology that extensively studies the relationship between physical stimuli and the perceptions and sensations they produce. Simply put, it explores the relationship between sensation and stimuli. It deals with the analysis of perceptual processes by studying the relationships between normal stimuli and the resulting mental state and sensations.
Social psychology is an intensive study of how people’s feelings, behavior, and thoughts are influenced by the implied, actual, and imagined presence of others. It can also be described as the study of the behavior of individuals in their cultural and social setting focusing on human social behavior. The term behavior, feelings, and thought are referred to psychological variables measured in humans.