Geography is the study of various environments, places as well as spaces on the surface of the earth and their relations. It endeavors to find the answer why things are the way they are and where they are. Today geography is based on the ancient practice, which is concerned with the characteristics of places, especially in their natural environments and people and how the two relate.
Historical Summary of Geography
Geography as an independent entity was first formulated about 2000 years ago by the Greeks. The name comes from the terms ‘Geo’ and ‘graphy’ which were combined to mean ‘earth writing.’ Later on, there came a further explanation from the Arabs.
Ptolemy was the author of the first book that acted as a guide in geography. It described geography as a representation of the whole world contained in pictures. Essentially, geography is the description of the earth using maps. Later on, words incorporated with the maps to bring a comprehensive study of geography.
Most people view geography as of where they are whereas to others, geography means the topographical patterns such as relief and drainage, weather, climate as well as human responses towards it such as agriculture, industrial, settlement, and the trends in the urban centers.
Although geography had been in existence over the years, the academic teaching of the discipline started in the 20th century. It formed a bridge between natural and social sciences.
History of geography is the thought about the idea of spaces, places, and environments. Its components comprise of the understanding of the physical environment and the transformations that take place in areas that seem comfortable to inhabit even though many such activities involve the destruction of the surroundings.
Geography gives useful insights into major contemporary issues, for instance, globalization and environmental changes, local differences and change off disciplinary interests.
The branches of geography include human geography which studies the human race. It involves backgrounds on how they interact with the environment and how the environment affects them. Additionally, it also explores how people inhabit the earth and organize themselves in specific regions. Factually, most of the branches of geography fall the category of human geography.
Physical Geography is a branch of geography interested in the study of features surrounding the human environment. Mainly it covers the surface of the earth and its surrounding and their functions.
Cartography is a branch of geography dealing with mapping of things. It’s critical for every geographer to know how to study and interpret the data in maps. It pays interest on how the process can improve technologically through the generation of high-quality maps.
To sum it up, geography is a vast subject comprising of numerous subsets within it. However, the various branches interact having different principles governing them.
Geography remains essential in day to day life as it provides the understanding of the past times and the role it plays in human evolution, the places they lived, the ideas, places and environments that marked the development of the map of the communities. It provides the understanding of issues revolving about the situation and sustainable developments.