Library science might sound strange to some. Libraries are often thought of as being a place full of free books. Despite this popular use, libraries are so much more. At...
Library Science Articles
Sometimes also called library studies, library economy, library and information science, librarianship, and bibliothecography, library science is an interdisciplinary science that deal with more than just libraries themselves. It incorporates a number of academic and scientific fields in order to optimize the compilation, organization, preservation, and distribution of information. The main goals are to collect information in an organized way that protects it, while also providing people easy access to it. This science is responsible for common practices such as organization by the famous Dewey decimal classification method. The library science articles in this category will reveal the other important roles of the field and the people working in it.
History of Library Science
As with books, library science articles can take you to almost any time or place. The field is old and spans across the globe. The earliest libraries date back to about 2600 BC, almost five thousand years ago. The collection and preservation of information in libraries from this time contributes to our knowledge of those civilizations today.
Because knowledge is power, library science faces a number of obstacles. For example, the great Library of Alexandria in Egypt declined into nothing through the purging of intellectuals from the area and burning of its contents by Julius Caesar during a civil war. Even through attempts at reconstruction, it faced dwindling funding and support, resulting in a great loss of its contents.
In a more modern context, writers and academics began studying library science in depth around the 17th century. They wanted to find the best way to maintain a library, or body of accumulated knowledge. Finding the most efficient and effective way would then lead to the largest dispersal of the knowledge to people who need it.
Library science articles in this category cover the most current events to keep you up to date. For example, in more recent years, technology and the rise of the internet have lead to the spread of the term “library science” as well as changes in the field itself. Universities now provide training in the area, and library scientists have a multitude of tools to help them gather, organize, and provide access to information. There are even journals on the subjects that can help in all stages of getting into or moving up in the field. This category has library science articles that help you explore these journals and much more on your journey.
The Five Laws of Library Science
Those people working in this field hold it in high regard, almost as a treasured possession. They wish to uphold integrity and other standards for the greater good, and so created a set of “laws” to help do so. In the 1900s, one mathematician and librarian by the name of Ranganathan proposed a theory for governing library science. While not official rules, these laws are still widely accepted as the foundations of many libraries worldwide. They relate to the core principles of library science that place the highest value on how we treat information and what it’s ultimate purpose should be. As you read library science articles about great people in the field, you’ll find that these laws are widely followed, and give incredible results.
First Law: Books are for Use
In the past, books had been chained to prevent their removal from libraries, emphasizing storage and preservation rather than use. While these are important parts of library science, use by people seeking information is the ultimate purpose. Increasing access should be a top priority for libraries and librarians.
Second Law: Every Person His or Her Book
This law emphasizes that people seeking information come from a variety of backgrounds seeking an array of knowledge. Library science should focus on serving all of them, acquiring information for all needs without judgement.
Third Law: Every Book its Reader
This law protects the books and information that might only be useful for a small demographic. Even if a book only has one reader, it is still worthwhile to keep it available for that reader.
Fourth Law: Save the Time of the Reader
This law of library science also focuses on ease of access for information seekers. It recognizes the priority for all patrons to be able to easily locate the information they want.
Fifth Law: The Library is a Growing Organism
This law is particularly important today as so many changes are happening due to technology. Even these online library science articles show that times are changing and the internet is the future. It emphasizes that the libraries should undergo any changes necessary to uphold the other laws and the purpose of library science. Remaining static in terms of how information is stored and how people access it can decrease utility. The enduring popularity of libraries today is due to the embracing of digital formats and experimental methods.
Jobs and Careers in the Library Science
The library science articles in this category should be able to show you that library science holds great potential as a career. Getting into such a career just means getting the right education and maintaining passion. Education in library science will have a number of advanced courses in information management, statistics, technology, and more. Undergraduate degrees are usually not available specifically in library science. But, a bachelors in one of these fields should suffice to get in to a master’s program. A master’s in library science is typical for professional librarians, and they exist at about 50 universities in the US. Online programs are also popular and more convenient to attend.
On the job as a librarian, you’re likely to make around 58,000 dollars per year performing a variety of tasks. Working in a library can mean finding information for others, as well as learning new things yourself. You can also go shopping for books for the library, put on performances for children, organize adult discussion groups, and all while working reasonable hours. This is why the US News & World Report ranked the job as one of the best of 2018. You can check out some interesting librarians and their achievements in the field here.
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