As society evolves and progresses, people are starting to see healthcare in a new light. Many consider it a fundamental human right. This is based off the view that everyone ages and many health problems are unpreventable, leading to a decrease in quality of life if we aren't able to fix the problems. However, healthcare is also a service that professionals provide after obtaining quality education and experience in the field, making it potentially very expensive. These factors of healthcare make it a hot topic these days for a variety of sometimes controversial reasons. This article won't quite get into that controversy, but it will introduce many of the important topics in healthcare that you should know about. Whether going into a hot debate or an in-demand career, it's always best to be familiar with the topics.
General Medicine Healthcare Topics
Health administration can be defined as the practice of leading, administering, managing, and overseeing the operation of health care entities. These dynamic and complex institutions include hospitals, long-term health care facilities, nursing homes, health care systems, health insurance providers, and pharmacies. Health administration is often called medical administration or healthcare administration.
Health Information Management
This is the system of analyzing, acquiring, and protecting traditional and digital medical information. Such information is crucial to providing quality care for patients. The field combines information technology with business and science to provide high quality service and security of information. Additionally, specialists in this field understand workflow in any healthcare organization from private clinics to large hospital systems.
Medical technology can be extensively defined as any technology that is used to save lives in individuals that suffer from a variety of conditions. Professionals use it to treat and diagnose various conditions or diseases that affect human life. Medical technology can be objects such as eye spectacles, hearing aids, wheelchairs, latex gloves, and syringes.
Healthcare Topics in Nursing
Nursing is a unique field that separates itself from other topics in healthcare due to an emphasis on the individual patient and their well-being. This includes not just medical well-being, but also other aspects of the patient's life. Their happiness, relationships with family and friends, and overall comfort are very important for nurses. Here are some topics that emphasis the broad range of care that nurses give to people in different situations.
General Nursing Healthcare Topics
A general nurse is a specialist whose role is to attend to the well-being of individuals experiencing a change in their life process or health status. They do this by taking into account the patient's emotional, psychological, physical, spiritual, and social needs. Part of the job description includes disease prevention, health promotion, rehabilitation, disease management, and end-of-life palliative care. General nurses cover clinical practice, research, education, and management.
This is an advanced practice in which specialists provide advice on certain conditions and treatments for them. The title of a nurse in the field is a clinical nurse specialist, or CNS. They must be registered nurses with expert knowledge in a certain field as well as known competencies and skills that allow them to make sound decisions in delicate situations. This usually involves master's or doctoral degrees in CNS.
Health Policy Nursing
Health Policy Nurses play a crucial role in public health and healthcare systems. For example, they take charge of implementing and developing the policy framework in these areas to achieve certain healthcare goals. Health policy is defined by the World Health Organization as plans, actions, and decisions practiced to achieve health care improvement and growth in a society.
A nurse practitioner is a specially registered nurse that is trained to do a number of special tasks. They diagnose illness and disease, order and interpret laboratory tests and diagnostics, assess patients needs, formulate treatment plans, and prescribe medications. Nurse practitioners' training covers coordination of care, health promotion, and basic disease prevention, but does not cater to the expertise needed for complex cases with multiple symptoms.
Informatics Nursing is a specialty in nursing that deals with data and information. Nurses in the field integrate nursing science with analytical sciences and multiple information management. Through these skills and methods, informatics nurses identify, manage, communicate, and define information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice. This is accomplished by the use of information processes, information structures, as well as information technology.
Public Health Nursing
The nursing field in public health takes on a more varied and sometimes chaotic environment. Nurses in this area ensure the improvement of the overall health of the whole community without regards to social standing or other non-medical characteristics. Because of the nature of their job, public health nurses can work in a variety of settings and are often found in public health facilities, occupational health facilities, business and voluntary organizations, and country of state departments of health.
Nursing Healthcare Topics by Patient Age Groups
A geriatric nurse is a qualified professional that dedicates their knowledge and skills to elderly patients. As people grow older, the body becomes more prone to health problems and less resilient against diseases. Patients of old age require medical care from knowledgeable and experienced health professionals like geriatric nurses.
A neonatal nurse is a specialized nurse that works with newborn infants with different types of problems. Common ailments include congenital disabilities, cardiac malformations, prematurity, surgical issues, and infection. A neonatal nurse encompasses care for infants that experience issues shortly after birth, but they also take care of infants that suffer from long-term problems that are related to illness after birth or prematurity.
As the newly born move into childhood, pediatric nurses take the wheel. They devote their skills and knowledge to taking care of children from infancy to their teen years. These specialized nurses must complete advanced training in pediatrics and also work closely with health care providers and other physicians that share the same dedication to children's health.
Nursing Topics Dealing With Healthcare in Cancer
An oncology nurse is a specialist explicitly trained to care for cancer patients. These nurses require more clinical experiences and high-level certifications in oncology than an average bachelor's nursing program provides. An oncology nurse also helps to educate patients that have cancer. Oncology nurses work with varieties of patients ranging from children to the elderly, and outpatients to palliative care.
A radiology nurse is an enrolled or registered nurse that attends to patients in the radiology department. They work in various environments such as in a private radiology practice or a hospital. They also work hand in hand with clinical radiologists. A radiology nurse requires a high level of expertise and independence because the department he/she will be working in providing services to different types of patients with a variety of needs.
Critical Care and Trauma Nursing Healthcare Topics
This topic helps to admit and treat different patients that are entering emergency units and need emergency healthcare on their way into the hospital. A trauma nurse works in the emergency unit and handles situations where the cause of disease or injury is potentially not yet clear. The main job of a travel nurse is to treat and comfort patients as well as assess their situation in the emergency unit.
Critical Care Nursing
Also known as intensive care unit (ICU) nursing, critical care is the field of nursing that specializes in dealing specifically with critically-ill and unstable patients. These patients often experience high-dependency, life-threatening situations. It is the field of nursing that deals exclusively with patients of any age who are critically unwell, either from extensive injuries, or diseases. A critical care nurse must be a registered nurse before specializing in this field of study.
Academic and Research Nursing Topics in Healthcare
What better place to learn how to become a nurse than through the teaching of other nurses? Nurse education is when a current or former educator with an advanced nursing degree teaches nursing. This might include a curriculum at universities or to colleagues in the professional sphere as nurse educators are allowed to teach in both classroom and clinical settings. They also serve as faculty members in both teaching hospitals and nursing schools. This allows them to transfer their invaluable experience and knowledge to students that will serve as next generation nurses.
Nurse researchers are medical practitioners that work in medical clinics, research laboratories, and hospitals with the primary aim of conducting critical research at primary levels. They create and practice their studies and tend to research and analyze data within their studies before concluding and publishing their results. Nurse researchers have additional training in research tools and methodology for performing research.
Other Healthcare Topics in Nursing
Nurses in anesthesiology are certified and registered nurses that play a crucial role in the success of many medical procedures. They usually work in collaboration with different medical practitioners like dentists, surgeons, podiatrists, and others to ensure the proper administration of anesthesia. The responsibilities of nurse anesthetists include overseeing patient recovery, assisting with stabilization services, as well as providing pain management.
Nurse midwives are skillful healthcare providers that specialize in women's reproductive health as well as childbirth. They are specialists also practice a wide range of clinical settings and also diagnose and treat patients. Sometimes midwives collaborate with a healthcare team or physician to perform other activities like an annual exam, counseling and writing prescriptions.
Pain Management Nursing
Pain Management Nurses specialize in the act of providing patients with different care methods that accurately target for either acute or chronic pain. The pain that patients experience can have many causes, and can inhibit many activities. Therefore, the primary goal of a the topic is to relieve a patient's pain and to try to improve patients' quality of life through improved and targeted healthcare.
A dialysis nurse is the title of a nurse who specializes in the field of nephrology nursing. Nephrology is the healthcare topic regarding kidneys, particularly those which no longer function. Nurses in the field deal with patients with chronic kidney diseases. They monitor, medicate, and support patients through dialysis treatments which remove the harmful materials from the blood that the kidneys aren't able to take out.
Also referred to as mental nursing, psychiatric nurses are appointed nurses who care for patients suffering from distress or mental illness regardless of their age group. The role of a psychiatric nurse is to assess mental health needs, assist patients to improve their coping mechanisms, administer treatment regimens, and create nursing care plans. Psychiatric nurses require additional training in the administration of psychiatric medication and psychological therapies.
Specialists in this field take sonograms of patients' bodies for healthcare diagnoses in various topics. They specialize in the use of ultrasonic imaging devices to produces images, videos, scans, and even 3D volume of diagnostic and anatomy data.
A travel nurse is a type of nurse that works at a specific location for a particular period. The average period of work time of a travel nurse for a given period is 13 weeks. They tend to travel from country to country and move around a lot because of their nature of work, which could be a pro or a con, depending on the person. The demand for nurses is high, and there are often shortages in some areas of different countries. Therefore, the need for travel nurses is very popular.
Topics in Therapeutic Healthcare
In healthcare, anything therapeutic attempts to help alleviate health problems and their symptoms. The patient typically receives a diagnosis before therapy, and then receives therapy to treat their specific condition. There are many conditions that may benefit from or require therapy, and there are many different types of therapy to choose from. Some professionals consider certain types to be more effective than others, but it often depends on the patient and their condition. Some methods can even produce negative effects depending on the circumstances. This is why many therapies, particularly ones involving medical treatment, should only be considered after professional diagnosis.
Unlike many other healthcare topics, this one doesn't usually have a lot of medical characteristics. That is, at least not in its application. Music therapy appeals to the psychological and emotional side of people. It uses music as a tool in improving overall health. It entails a process where the therapists use music in all its facets: emotional, social, physical, mental, spiritual, and aesthetic. Music therapists help clients to improve their health in various domains that include emotional development, motor skills, and social skills.
In occupational therapy, healthcare professionals work with patients to help them develop, maintain, and recover meaningful occupations, activities, communities, or groups. Occupational therapy is an allied health profession that is performed by occupational therapy assistants and occupational therapists. This healthcare topic often aims to help people with disabilities, impairments, injuries, or mental health problems.
Physical therapy, also known as physiotherapy, is a branch of medicine allied to health professionals with the use of movements and mechanical force, exercise therapy, manual therapy, and electrotherapy. It uses these tools to promote function and mobility patients by remediating ailments. Additionally, physical therapy works to improve patients' quality of life through prognosis, physical intervention, diagnosis, and patient education.
Rehabilitation counseling is healthcare topic psychology that focuses on helping people with disabilities. The counseling process can help them achieve their independence, career, and personal living goals. Rehabilitation counselors typically help people with psychological and physical disabilities, ex-offenders, refugees, those experiencing long-term unemployment, and disadvantaged youths.
Respiratory therapy consists of the treatment and assessment of chronic and acute dysfunction of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Therapists in the field are professional healthcare practitioners with special training in medicine in these areas. This allows them to work therapeutically with patients suffering from pulmonary disease. A respiratory therapist must graduate from a community college or university with a certification in respiratory therapy.
Radiation Healthcare Topics
Radiation in medicine is a unique but powerful tool. Techniques utilizing radiation can save lives, especially when fighting diseases such as cancer. The method does come with some of its own problems. However, the benefits usually outweigh them. But much of modern research in the fields is still working towards minimizing this negative side.
Nuclear Medicine Technology
Nuclear medicine technology is the healthcare topic that deals with the administration and preparation of small amounts of radioactive substances called radiopharmaceuticals. Professionals in the field give these substances, as well as other medications, to patients for treatments and diagnosis. Nuclear medicine combines patient care, mathematics, computer technology, physics, chemistry, imaging, and medicine.
Radiation Therapy Technology
Radiation therapy is a type of cancer therapy that encompasses the use of electrons or high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells as well as some other cells that may cause disorder to the body. The process by which radiation comes from a machine outside one’s body is external beam radiation. Radiation can also come from radioactive substances that are intentionally placed inside one's body.
Radiography is an imaging technique that entails the use of gamma rays, X-rays, and similar radiation to internally view objects. An electromagnetic radiation generator produces a beam of electromagnetic radiation to create an image. The beam must be placed in the direction of the object. This technique, called projection radiography, helps to generate a flat two-dimensional image.
Healthcare Topics that Focus on Certain Body Systems
The human body is highly complex with many systems that work together. Sometimes the interactions between the systems mean a holistic view is necessary. Other times, the systems can be looked at in an isolated view, thus allowing for more detail and comprehension of their unique qualities.
Audiology is the study of hearing. It integrates technology and medical science to provide solutions to individuals of all ages suffering from hearing loss and related conditions. Not only hearing, but also balance and any associated disorders are all part of this healthcare topic. This is because inner ear contains important bones that affect balance. Research in the field of audiology goes a long way to combat hearing disorders.
Cardiovascular Perfusion Technology
This healthcare topic gets pretty complex as it works to artificially replace circulatory and respiratory systems in those who need it. Cardiovascular perfusion is the science of adding extracorporeal circulation to artificially aid and temporarily replace these systems. As a profession, clinical perfusionists are skilled members of a cardiac surgical team who provide life-saving support to patients that require extracorporeal circulation, which can include but is not limited to major vascular, cardiothoracic and transplant surgeries.
We've all come face to face (quite literally) with the topic of dental hygiene and the professionals in the field. Dental hygiene is the practice and science of the prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of oral diseases. A dental hygienist is a registered and specialized medical practitioner that graduated from an accredited dental hygiene program in an institution and is licensed in dental hygiene. They provide various services to support general health via promoting optimal oral health.
Other Healthcare Topics
Here are a few more topics that might interest you. For more in-depth descriptions and other details about healthcare topics, check out the books and articles on Direct Knowledge.
Athletic training covers the examination, prevention, diagnosis, rehabilitation, and treatment of medical conditions and injuries. It often goes by the name sports medicine, and athletic training professionals collaborate with physicians to boost the participation and activity of clients and patients.
Diagnostic Medical Sonography
Diagnostic medical sonography is an accredited medical field of medicine and surgery that uses ultrasound to view and diagnose problems in patients. It often focuses on gynecology and obstetrics, cardiac sonography, superficial and abdomen structures, and vascular sonographic studies.
Dietetics is the healthcare topic about how food and nutrition affect the health of humans. In other words, it integrates physiological, managerial, and social concepts into the science of nutrition. The topic aims to educate everyone about the advantages of making properties dietary choices. This also includes a role in public health and policy making.
Emergency Medical Sciences
Emergency medical science, also known as EMS, is the healthcare topic of paramedic skills. People who work in the field have appropriate knowledge and skills necessary to deliver the best healthcare to those experiencing emergency injury or illness. They often work in high-stress environments out in the field. This might include house calls, public spaces, and ambulances.
A physician assistant is an important member of a medical team.They work alongside surgeons, nurses, doctors, and other healthcare professionals to provide various services. A physician assistant's (or PA's) most important role is to provide primary medical services in the hospital while under the supervision of physicians. Some of these services include diagnosing illness and injuries, performing examinations, administering treatments, ordering tests, as well as prescribing medicines.