# Fundamental Methods of Logic

• By Briana Bonfiglio, Reporter for Long Island Herald Community Newspapers
• Briana Bonfiglio is a reporter for Long Island Herald Community Newspapers. As a local journalist, she informs communities about the issues that directly impact them. She enjoys learning about others’ life passions and sharing their stories with the world. Also, Briana writes about music, activism, and culture on Medium.

Do you want to be a better debater? Fundamental Methods of Logic breaks down different equations of reasoning that will help you defend your arguments. The textbook is best suited for philosophy students and those taking introductory courses in logic and critical reasoning.

Logic is the math of thoughts and ideas. One may also think of it as the string that connects points together to form coherent arguments, hopefully tying a bow at the end for clarity. Fundamental Methods of Logic offers several ways to piece these thought equations together. The textbook is designed for introductory philosophy students. While reasoning is a great skill for everyone to learn, it is especially useful in philosophy. The discipline is based off of ideas and making sense of abstract topics that need logic to ground them.

Therefore, Fundamental Methods of Logic gets concrete about how to effectively wield logic in your favor. First, the book defines logic and explains basics of argumentation. Then, it describes different logical fallacies, or holes in logic. Next, in chapters three and four, the textbook goes into the two types of deductive logic: Aristotelian and Sentential. These basically focus on oppositions, or what is “not.” Finally, students will read about inductive logic in chapters five and six. One chapter covers analogical and casual arguments, and the other discusses the use of probability and statistics in reasoning.

Fundamental Methods of Logic doesn’t only present this information. It gives readers plenty of examples to deepen their understanding. It also offers explanations on how to identify and dissect arguments, as well as map them on diagrams. Visuals throughout the book assist with this process.

## About the Author of Fundamental Methods of Logic

Matthew Knachel holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Pittsburgh, where he wrote his dissertation, “Lying, Misleading, and Language.” Now, he is a senior lecturer in philosophy at the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. He teaches courses such as philosophy of science, theory of knowledge, metaphysics, informal logic: critical reasoning, elementary logic, and introduction to Asian religions. Knachel’s true academic research interests lie in the philosophies of language and logic.

Publisher: Independent