Anyone who loves animals will tell you they’re not just animals. Likewise, someone who has a pet believes truly that their dog, cat, or other companion is family. Pets make a huge difference in our social lives. Even more so, animals play a large role in the lives of humans. To be clear, veterinary science is not just about pets. The focus of veterinary science is the health and care for non-human animals.
Sure, this means your dog or cat. It also means the animals that we consume for meat, those which we use for farming and husbandry, as well as those we are still learning about. For that reason, veterinary science is a growing field of study, and will continue to be so forever. The field gives us insights to our four legged friends, flying neighbors, and undiscovered species of the future. Here are some of the top current events in veterinary science you need to know about.
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Animal Care Through Antimicrobial Medicine
A major focus for doctors of any sort is disease and infection. Fighting disease and infection is the longest running arch in medicinal research to date. From the dawn of man, nothing has threatened life more than disease. For that reason, disease treatment and cure is the primary focus of many medical researchers. Of course, there is still so much that is unknown about disease in humans. The lack of knowledge is not without effort. Considering how much time and energy go into researching disease in humans, it’s hard to believe research also goes into non-humans. Nevertheless, huge strides are being made for our four legged friends and their counterparts.
A huge point of progress comes in the research of antimicrobial medicine for animals. Antimicrobial medicine do two things: kill and slow the growth of microorganisms. Many diseases and infections thrive through the spreading of microorganisms. Getting rid of them, or at least slowing them down, can make them treatable. Unfortunately, disease and infection can resist microbial medicine when they find a way to fight past the threat. When diseases resist antimicrobial medicine, the threat of spreading increases exponentially. In animal populations, this can prove to be catastrophic.
Disease Treatment in Animals is Tricky for One Key Reason
The AVMA is a leader in antimicrobial research for animals. The group’s work focuses on a number of different roles animals play in our lives. Other than companion levels, zoos, aquatic centers, and farms are susceptible to disease outbreaks. For the most part, vets know the best times to use antimicrobial treatments and when not to. Unlike knowing whether or not your animal is sick, a vet can determine whether or not the disease or infection requires more than the typical antibiotic. Whereas an antibiotic tackles anything that is a living microorganism, antimicrobial medicine tackles living and dormant threats. Current events in veterinary science always deal with treatment of infections in animals, but this is the largest gain in control over the threat in some time.
The tricky thing researchers are looking into is what makes certain breeds of animals susceptible to antimicrobial treatments, and which ones do not. Susceptible in this case refers to the the ability to be affected by the treatment. Like penicillin in some humans, certain antimicrobials do not invoke a reaction. It’ll take time to learn the ways in which different treatments effect various patients, but one thing is for sure: antimicrobial treatment in animals is a huge help in treating infection and disease.
Care Trends in Pet Health and Welness
Like human healthcare, pet healthcare comes with a ton of complications. A growing number of treatments for common pet issues are rising in cost. Things like spays and neuters, antibiotics, and other common health treatments for pets are becoming more expensive. This rises as more and more people have pets. It also comes as a product of better treatments. The more research behind a treatment, the most the medicine or procedure is going to cost. Most pet owners have no problem caring for their companion. The problem comes when it’s time to pay the bill. Like human healthcare, the system is not intended to be cost effective. Rather, the need for healthcare is permanent, and current events in veterinary science always look for ways to make that need easier on everyone.
A growing trend in pet care is preventative medicine. Of course, if a dog or cat gets sick, you are going to take them to the vet. The common preventatives are still popular too, like flea and tick medicine and heart worm medication. Changes to the way people treat their pets is leaning more preventative in non traditional ways as well. Preventative measures can cost a pretty penny, which is why a popular trend is to buy pet insurance.
Insurance for Pets Makes Sense
Of course, like human healthcare, pet insurance is fiscally responsible. Rather than risk the cost of a huge bill out of pocket, a monthly fee covers the pet to a varying degree. Like human insurance, pet insurance has different levels you can buy into. As referenced in the New York Times, we no longer live in a world where pets are just living furniture. Pets come everywhere with us, and they often participate in less and less traditionally animalistic activities. There are dog cafés, indoor and outdoor dog parks in every town, and even offices that welcome dogs. It’s different, but for the better. With those new freedoms come new expectations.
Dogs are routinely getting their teeth cleaned, and cats regularly get species friendly baths at groomers. Medical treatments that prevent common diseases are in vogue as well, and much more cost effective when you have insurance. For many pet owners, the insurance process is super easy. A lot of vets offer programs, and online sites offer easy access to a policy plan. Does it sound like overkill? Tell that to everyone dressing their pets up for the holidays.
Can a Dog’s Diet Predict Heart Disease
Dogs and humans don’t have too much in common, but biology translates surprisingly well across living creatures. Plants excluded, living things experience the same responses to various stimuli. For example, current events in veterinary science refer to organs as being universally effected by various things. If a dog gets startled, their heart rate increases, just like a human. If a cat is overweight, they experience heart issues over the course of their life. For a lot of reasons, it’s worth watching your pet’s behaviors and ensuring you give them the tools to a healthy life.
Pet food and exercise are often the two things that contribute the most to their health. If a dog spends a lot of time without running, or at least walking, dog’s hearts and bodies take a hit. Like people, dogs need to move in order to stay mobile and ready enough for exercise. Use it or lose it stands true for dogs as well as humans. The trick is not only just about moving however. As owners of dogs, humans have a responsibility to all pets to feed them the right sorts of food. As it turns out, not all dog food is created equal.
Choosing the Right Dog Food
A recent study on dog food and health complications found some very important results. The study looked at dogs, golden retrievers in particular, for a two year span. A huge trend in dog food, as the study notes, is grain free diets. There are a ton of brands that now market themselves as organic, or even grain free or vegan. Dogs are not like humans, which means humans cannot and should not put diets on their dogs that are not meant for their natural body functions. Dogs need meat in their diet, and some over the counter dog foods are made up of grains and other non-meat entities. That’s not good, according to the study in question.
Dogs in the study suffered from heart concerns and problems. Once switched to a diet with adequate nutrition, the dogs were seen as 50% more likely to handle their condition more favorably. The type of meat matters too. In dog food, some brands use organ meat such as kidney or liver meat. This is not good, and current events in veterinary science point to real meat being the key to a healthy dog diet. Keep that in mind, dog lovers!
The CBD Movement Makes its Way to Pets
A long debate in the medical community has focused on marijuana, HTC, and CBD. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the most common in the news today. Sure, marijuana is becoming legal in a lot of different states, but the movement is still slow. CBD on the other hand is available in nearly every state. The amounts and percentages allowed in products vary state to state, but there’s no denying the impact CBD is having on many people. Well, as you can guess given our topic of focus in this piece, pets too will be on that list soon. It might be a huge help in the realm of older dog care, as well as health issue stricken friends as well.
CBD is highly misunderstood. The potent element of weed that provides relaxation, relief, and rest from pain is all because of CBD. It’s not addictive, non habit forming, and offers relief from countless ailments. In humans, medicinal marijuana is treatment for eye, brain, and body issues. CBD now tackles more minute issues like headaches, body aches, and other pains. Dogs are soon going to be able to use it too, following new findings on CBD oil and its numerous benefits.
Cats, Dogs, CBD, and Much Needed Pain Relief
CBD is not just for humans, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The 2018 Farm Bill passed by the federal government recently allowed for hemp production again in the United States. That means no only is CBD catching popularity, but it’s happening at a great time, as more farmers look to produce hemp, which can be turned into CBD. Rightfully so, plenty of research has gone into the effects of CBD, and not only do humans benefit from its properties, but so do pets. It’s sad thinking about animals in pain, largely because they cannot vocalize their pain with words. At least, not words we understand. For that reason, it’s important to look into as many treatments for pain as possible for pets. CBD is the latest promising relief to older dogs and those with health concerns.
Everything from joint pain, to arthritis, to even broken bones can be experienced by a dog. With research deciding CBD is safe for pets just like their owners, everyone should soon be looking into this new up and coming solution to many health concerns. Before long, CBD will be less mystery, and more mainstay in the treatment of issues for all living things.
Human Health and Ties to Pets
A number of people who grow up with pets end up wanting pets in the future when reaching adulthood. Why? Well, pets provide a ton of benefits to our lives. They serve as companions when we need to be social. They allow us an excuse to stay active and get out of the house, at the very least for a bathroom break. Plus, they are usually super cute, and offer us a reason to be happy each and every day. For many reasons, it’s safe to assume pets improve our lives. Scientifically speaking, is it true? Well, that’s a common question in current events in veterinary science.
For a long time, the mental benefits of certain things in life have been found to effect our physical health. Let’s say, for example, you do not get outside much. You lose social energy, mental energy, interpersonal skills, and eventually, physical issues start to kick in. For that reason, it’s clear things that are good for your brain are good for your body. It works the opposite way as well. It’s why runners love the high that comes with a good workout. Well, that high can come from pets as well. Research is pointing towards yet another excuse to consider a dog.
Pets Make Perfect Companions and Cures to Common Ailments
Considering current events in veterinary science, pets are seen as crucial to our lives. A recent study into the extent of those benefits shows that human health is tied directly to interactions with animals. An occasional interaction with animals benefits people, but having a pet is much more effective. The ability to link human health to pets is tricky. It’s tough to measure the extent to which pets can truly help humans with physical and mental issues. For a long time, we’ve known this to a lesser extent. Nursing homes fill up with dogs and service animals for uplifting visits. Likewise, pets help people grieve loss. We think of these interactions as helpful, but not in a scientific way.
It’s proving to be more scientific than we thought. Mental illness can come in a lot of different forms. Depression and stress in particular are tied directly to feelings of loneliness, overwork, and distress. Pets cure these issues by offering the things mentioned at the start of this section. A friend waiting no matter what at the end of the day makes a big difference.
Veterinary science is teaching us a lot about animals. A lot of research comes in the form of domestic animal knowledge, seeing as pets mean a lot to us as a society. The effects of other populations of animals effects us too. Without research, we wouldn’t know the things we know about animal husbandry, their happiness, or contributions to our ecosystem. With that in mind, the importance of studying current events in veterinary science is evident, whether it be for a dog you have waiting at home, or a bird flying overhead.