Though many don’t consider it a science today, geography is actually one of the oldest among all modern sciences. For early explorers, geography answered questions about the nature of the planet. Researchers in the field continue to explore the world and the universe, making new discoveries all of the time. Everyday, current events in geography include the discovery of previously unknown places and cultures.
Geography also plays a central role in many other scientific disciplines. Today, geography is divided into two main branches, namely physical and cultural geography. Cultural geography is a branch of geography dealing with human culture in relation to its impact on the earth. Cultural geography deals with the study of languages, foods, buildings, and religion. It also focuses on agriculture, politics, economics, transport systems, population and demographics, and urban vs. rural areas.
Physical geography is a branch dealing with the natural properties of the earth as a home for human beings. It is close to geology, although physical geography focuses on the landscape on the earth’s surface. As more research unfolds, researchers publish even more publications to enlighten the public. Let’s take a look at some current events in geography to get a better understanding of the subject and its recent developments:
Recreation Terrain and Wildlife Management
Winter recreation activity is a fast growing industry, thanks in part to the development of new technologies. These technologies make it possible for an increased number of individuals to access remote terrains out in the country. With the increase in winter recreation, there is likely to be increased conflict between the creationists and the wildlife.
To have a better understanding of the environmental characteristics important to winter recreationists, one must determine the areas likely to cause conflict for a well-modeled terrain of non-motored as well as motorized recreationists. The snowmobile assisted hybrid, snowmobile, and the backcountry ski are all prime examples.
Recreationists use a global positioning system to study areas around Colorado. This provides detailed track records for most of the recreation varieties. For any given recreation activity, the environmental characteristics were remotely modeled. Some of these characteristics included topography, road access, climate, and vegetation.
From the analysis, it is evident that motorized and non-motorized activities prefer different environmental features. However, they also portray some similarities. For instance, one similarity is the preference for areas with easy access. Additionally, proximity to significant roads and the density of the open roads in the forest are observed.
The areas predetermined to have the motorized recreation always happen to be away from the highways with much forest road densities, less canopy coverage, and less steep terrain. This study provides a great insight into the ground features preferred by the recreationists. It also gives the managers an opportunity to retain winter recreational opportunities and reduce the conflict between people and the ecological impacts to the wildlife.
The land use managers have a growing concern for the human ecological impact on the landscape based on its rapid growth. Winter recreation such as Snowshoeing have become much more popular. Backcountry and downhill skiing are also famous among the public land users, who are the main economic drivers for the communities throughout the western United States.
Technological developments in motorized recreation for the winter, like Heli-skiing, snow biking, and snowmobiling show that the recreationists continually want to access the most remote areas. Most of the recreationists seek to gather recreation experience on a natural landscape. The ecological impacts of recreation and the encounters between the motorized and non-motorized recreationists are likely to increase.
More significant numbers are likely to have adverse effects and cause more disturbance to the wildlife. These could include the massive displacement of the local animal populations.
The Link Between Demographics and Geomorphology
In the last decade, Albania has experienced one of the the highest rates of population migration in the world. Consequently, the landscape in the country is prone to erosion. Recent studies analyze the relationship between the population migrations and the geomorphological factors in the broader area of southern Albania.
In geography, experts believe that human interactions and the environment generally share a casual relationship. The study conducted in Albania is meant to advance this link.
Considerable anthropological fieldwork has archived data and information gathered from previously accessible sources as well as any other relevant source. From this analysis, researchers know that geomorphological factors influence coastal erosion. These factors include ground subsidence and the distribution of the bodies of water.
The paper brings out new procedures that relate the coastal regions to the erosion and geomorphological factors such as human movements. This provides a holistic framework that applies in the examination of similar issues elsewhere.
Due to increased coastal processes such as rising seas, building infrastructure, land degradation, deforestation and anthropogenic pressures the coastal region are all becoming prevalent in most areas in the world.
This procedure also applies in the Mediterranean and the black coastal plains. However, conducted studies over different areas around the globe provides useful data. This collection shows the extent of coastal loss due to transgression as a result of complicated changes in weather.
The land in Albania is prone to erosion processes. The soil is frequently exposed to erosion agents, especially around the Mediterranean coasts affected by these changes. The research along the longest coastal areas shows the danger of large-scale land loss. Based on the previous study results, it is an area prone to continuous changes resulting from the movements of geotectonic and geomorphological activities.
The deforestation pattern changes in the restricted areas of Brazil
Deforestation and forest fragmentation results from excessive land use, especially in tropical regions. In Brazil, the people have experienced high rates of forest loss over the years. The government designated many restricted areas in the Amazon, however illegal loggers and nature enthusiasts frequently break this rule. The studies on deforestation pattern in Brazil analyze the protected areas using remote sensing. Researchers conduct modeling of land fragmentation by using historical images of the landscape to evaluate levels of fragmentation in protected areas.
Deforestation and land fragmentation are areas of concern in many tropical regions such as South America and Africa. Many factors contribute to the rapid loss of tropical forests. This loss yields serious ramifications for the proper function of the ecosystem, negatively affecting biodiversity conservation efforts.
Despite reduced deforestation rates recently, the Brazilian Amazon boasts the largest region of continuous forest loss. It has suffered much loss that also adds to land fragmentation and a reduction in the area occupied by human populations.
Attempts to preserve the remaining forests and habitats in Brazil use land reservation policies and the implementation of protected area laws. The restricted areas have the potential to significantly reduce land fragmentation by conserving extensive, contiguous land areas. To examine the effectiveness of the protected areas, the forest conservation patterns are studied and put in contrast with protected areas through landscape metrics.
Different sources of data resulted in varied measurements of annual vegetation loss. However, fragmentation levels related to deforestation patterns provide data for a given index.
The study indicates that there is more fragmentation in the regulated areas moving towards vast deforestation. Some areas are under critical fragmentation, though they are actively contributing to increased conservation efforts. These efforts seek to preserve the natural ecosystem with sustainable policies. Hopefully, the responsible management of the land will continue to reduce the fragmentation in the forest as well as the degradation processes.
Trade Industries in The Rural Ghana Industry
Social analysts rarely use their methods in the African continent, despite being the proposed means of research for at settlement levels. Studies strengthen the explanation of how global changes influence the rural communities, although they are comparatively inferior in showing the economical configurations at the communal level. This study illustrates the variation of the structures of economic networks in between the actors for the local oil plants in the neighboring households.
Extensive use of network analysis reveals the significance of networks in business involving various products and services at the communal level. In certain small sectors, these networks parallel other large scale sectors. Due to the unique patterns of the local economy that show the need to understand the territories’ complexities, economic networks may not be recorded without advanced research methods. It is important to come up with procedures for making policies that are directed towards supporting and governing the increased agricultural economy in these local areas.
The Potential Impact of The Flood Disaster. The Case Study Of a China City, Shanghai
In a study of flood effects on the access and ridership in a modern city, accessibility remained constant, regardless of weather conditions or flood scenarios in Shanghai. About 80% accessibility was seen in low flat levels of the pluvial flood. More than 15 stations required service for over 50,000 passengers in this region
Shanghai comprises a reasonable share of the local public transport. Some studies look at the gravity-based method in analyzing the likely impact in a 100 years. In all of these studies, researchers concluded that pluvial fluid occurrences in the metro city affect access to public transportation. Geographers have analyzed pluvial flood dangers independently, and these researchers endeavor to find out the research gap by investigating metro accessibility as well as ridership during hostile circumstances.
People may access metro stations via two distinct modes: driving and cycling. Ridership measures the impact of the distance on a given station for the attraction of travelers. Research shows that more than 95% road networks would get between 10-20% of travelers in the case of a pluvial flood. Road networks showed a range of 20% to 45%, which made road access more difficult. Access was especially hard for those cycling, rather than driving. The metro accessibility in Shanghai has to be equitable even in the cases of pluvial flood scenarios, though about 87% of the population have access to the stations at varying levels.
Following this inaccessibility of the intermediate stations in the pluvial scenario, more than 15 stations faced the predicament of giving service to more than 50,000 travelers. This number is much higher than the usual ridership. The results have significant implications for the formulation of safer public transportation in the event of heavy rains and floods.
Geography continues to contribute significantly to science, as it forms just one part of a broad spectrum of like-minded disciplines. Geography, like some of these other disciplines, endeavors to develop the frontiers of information and knowledge. It is through this that significant information is used to answer some of the main questions challenging scientists today.
Geography provides a scientific understanding for both the potential and actual occurrences in the world. Geography brings a unique perception to scientific exploration, from which we can seek to understand our world. From social issues to the landscape we inhabit, new advancements in geography help improve our knowledge of the world and universe around us.