About Computer Science
As information increasingly moves to digital platforms, the need for computers grows as well. Computer science articles and sources tell us that digital methods are becoming the primary way to share or access information. For those who earn a computer science degree and look for jobs in the field, the study of this subject provides several opportunities.
Computer science is the study of computing and various software, systems, and networks. The subject involves several technical and application-based research in which experts create new ways to utilize technology. Computer scientists help to determine modern and streamlined manners in which computers can benefit society.
There are a lot of ways computers changed human life in the past ten years, but the history of these technologies goes back far beyond that. Let’s take a look at work done by computer scientists and how these findings are changing lives for the better. Plus, find out what jobs a degree in computer science can offer.
History of Computer Science
Computer science is the study of the processes that occur in computers where data transforms into programs that we can use. Through these programs, we can utilize information in digital form for communicating with each other, making calculations, and more. This field is particularly useful today, given the vast increase in computer prevalence. Computers are an increasingly significant part of our everyday lives, performing somewhat mundane but helpful tasks. On the flip side, they are also substantial in crucial fields like advancements in medicine, space exploration, risk management, and in creating new technology. In this category of Direct Knowledge, you can find computer science articles about the past, future, and present of advancements in the field.
Early History of the Field
Computers weren’t always the sleek electronic machines we know and love. They weren’t even electric. Formerly, humans who performed computing tasks served as human “computers.” As machines replaced them, the tools gained the title. Any device that calculated numerical tasks was a “computer” in that it helped us compute things. Mechanical calculators appeared in the early 1600s, with a few different versions popping up in the following century. By the 1800s, they became powerful enough for use in office environments. Soon after, various forms of computation arose, such as the use of punch cards.
Computer Science from the 1990s to Now
In the early- to mid-1900s, computer science as a field of study grew its roots. The founding of the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory by IBM and the close relationship with the associated university led to a focus on scientific research in the field. Thus, computer science, as an academic discipline, was born. Although it is relatively new, computer science has still contributed much to society. Following the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions, it tends to mark the Information Revolution. That now puts us in the Information Age. More specifically, computer science has accomplished feats such as breaking the Enigma code, thus contributing to the end of World War II.
The history of the field is quite extensive and can’t possibly fit here. But, you’ll be able to find computer science articles in this category that further explore its development over time. These articles also go into more detail about the branches of computer science and their importance over the centuries.
Main Applications of Computer Science
The main application of computer science today is, in short, to make our lives easier and more enjoyable. We use it for performing sophisticated computations in scientific and mathematical fields, further advancing other sciences. We also use it for organizing and keeping track of data. All of the data you store online for doctors, memberships, banking, and more depends on it. You can read the computer sciences articles in this category to find out more about data and how it affects all of us.
On the aesthetic side of things, computer graphics and visualizations make things not only more visually pleasing but also easier to navigate. A page of text is harder to comprehend than a color-coded table, diagrams, or organized layouts.
Computer systems are a combination of software and hardware that make a computer useful for users. The area of computer science focusing on the aims to optimize them for various specific tasks, or just for general advances in performance.
Computer performance analysis lets computer scientists know how the system performs and what can improve. Methods such as concurrent, parallel, and distributed systems can allow multiple computations to run simultaneously, increasing efficiency. Computer architecture, networks, security, and cryptography are other topics in this field.
Software engineering focuses on the programs and operating information that a computer uses to run. In this field, computer scientists modify and improve the software to make it efficient, effective, and affordable. This practice involves applying engineering practices to both create and manufacture new software, as well as organizing, analyzing, and maintaining existing software.
Underlying the practical objectives of computer science are the theoretical frameworks that support and develop them. Theoretical computer science gets more into the mathematical and abstract ideas about how data structures and algorithms work.
This area looks at questions concerning what exactly can compute and how. It also looks at the quantification of information to help us understand and optimize the compressing, storing and communicating of data. These theoretical ideas eventually apply to all other areas as the foundations for new programs and methods.
Careers in Computer Science
Take advantage of these computer science articles to learn about and possibly to start a career in the field. You can read here about inspiring computer scientists to show you the possible leaps you can make in your journey. Their careers stand out from others due to individual skills (and sometimes luck). If you’re passionate and dedicated, you could end up in a similar position. But even average careers of ordinary people in computer science jobs offer the opportunity to indulge in interests such as math, science, engineering, and even language learning.
As far as education goes, many computer programmers and software developers will need a bachelor’s degree. However, some employers will take someone with an associate’s. Computer and information research scientists, on the other hand, will likely need a master’s. Overall these fields are growing in terms of the number of jobs available, and all make a median pay over 80,000 dollars per year (with research scientists making up to 118,000 dollars).
Should I Learn Multiple Programming Languages?
Prepare to need to know multiple programming languages, although most professionals will specialize in certain ones. All computer scientists should be able to think analytically for creating systems and programs, but also creatively with a detail-oriented mindset for coming up with out-of-the-box solutions to problems. Creativity also helps in one of the most booming markets out there at the moment: making apps and new gadgets. With so many people coming up with new ideas, your needs to stick out as something special. Keep up to date on new ideas with the computer science articles in this category.
Computer Science Books
Computers and computer science jobs have integrated themselves into practically every facet of our lives. Markets and research in apps, games, and computer chips just keep growing faster and faster. There are applications in other fields like micro-machines in medicine. Even kids are learning about computers and programming as young as elementary school! So, don’t get left behind in what’s now not only a popular field but also a critically necessary one. The computer science books in this category can get you and keep you up to speed on what students learn for the degree.
Man’s New Best Friend
Computers are so much more than just bundles of plastic and metal. They hold entire worlds of information and can solve complex problems we couldn’t dream of in the past. There’s no doubt that computers have changed the world as we know it. The only question now is whether you’ll change the world, too. With quality computer science books at your fingertips, it’s not as hard as it might sound.
With a computer science degree, you’ll learn the inner workings of computers and software. This experience includes its design, application, development, and theory. Programming is also a crucial part of computer science jobs, but it’s just one element. You can find books on programming languages in this category alongside other topics.
Java and Other Coding Languages
For example, Think Java: How to Think Like a Computer Scientist is a concise guide not only to the language of Java but also to understanding web applications. Java is one of the more common words for such web development, so it’s an excellent place to start to understand both. Similarly, Think Python: How to Think Like a Computer Scientist teaches basic computer science from the perspective of Python. These computer science books are great for beginners and give the right amount of hands-on practice and exercise study.
As you learn to code, you’ll see that you also need to know what it is you aim to program. This process might sound obvious, but understanding what it is the program means to do and just how it will accomplish the goal can be tricky. Math and logic are essential in this area, as well as other interdisciplinary subjects. For example, algorithms and performance of the computer rely on knowledge outside of programming alone. Similarly, some other popular areas in the field these days are artificial intelligence, security, graphics, and bioinformatics.
Computer Science Books on Theory and Beyond
Algorithms and theories fall into what is called theoretical computer science. It’s the more general area of the field but still gets its motivation from the practical computation. Computer systems then look at how computers work, usually trying to improve performance. The most functional areas are those of applications such as graphics, AI, scientific computing, and human-computer interactions.
You’ll notice that these various areas pretty much all require you to be familiar with multiple fields. That’s why you’ll find a range of interdisciplinary topics in this category. These topics touch on all subjects and how they relate to each other. And many of these practical computer science books give you practice with tutorials, instruction manuals, and software documentation study. The same content exists within a computer science degree.
A Mix of Skills
While computer science jobs mainly look at software and software systems, the hardware is still an important aspect to keep in mind. A computer science degree applies to various types of equipment these days, from supercomputers to handheld devices like phones and smartwatches.
You need to know what each device can handle, and knowing how the machine physically works can help you understand it a bit better and even help you fix problems that might occur. This knowledge is why we include books such as handbooks and how-to-guides on all a range of computer subjects, to make sure you can adapt to any situation.
The study of computer science has changed drastically over the last hundred years, and will probably keep doing so in years to come. Use the books here to catch up with updates, and be part of what happens next.
Computer Science FAQ
The study of computer science continues to expand. Here are some things to consider as you start to study the subject.
What can professionals achieve with a degree in computer science?
A degree in computer science leads to several different career paths. Some computer scientists work in programming and build websites. Many students go on to build computer networks for businesses and organizations. Professionals can also go on to build computers and improve how digital technologies work and function in society. Some jobs even utilize a combination of these tasks.
What do you study in computer science?
In the study of computer science, students focus on the topics of hardware, software, and systems design. Coding and programming are the primary focus of computer science studies. There are also plenty of lessons on building computers, organizing networks, and processing data. Studying the subject involves a lot of different areas of focus.
Can I learn computer science on my own?
Computer science is possible to learn individually in a self-taught manner. Many classes in computer programming exist online and can help individuals gain a form of code. For many computer science students, taking lessons from home is an introduction to the subject before someone decides to take additional classes in a computer science program.
Is computer science a good degree?
Computer science is a good degree in a growing field of study. More and more jobs exist in the area every day because of the increasing importance of computers. Digital technologies exist as part of every company today. For this reason, a computer science degree can lead to several career opportunities.