The Art of Being Human A Textbook for Cultural Anthropology Statue figures exhibited in the National Museum of Anthropology Mexico City

The Art of Being Human: Textbook for Cultural Anthropology

Ever wonder what shapes the human race? The Art of Being Human explores this question and many more. Students with an endless curiosity for how people live across the globe will want to read this cultural anthropology textbook. Each chapter provides a challenge for the reader to enhance their learning. Begin your anthropological journey with The Art of Being Human ...
An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropology The National Museum of Anthropology at Chapultepec Park in Mexico City

An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropology

Are you craving new outlooks on anthropology? Perspectives: An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropology is a collection of essays by several different anthropologists studying around the globe. The book is a great tool for introductory students and professors who want to see their curriculum come to life. Professors, get your students excited about anthropology with Perspectives: An Open Invitation to ...
Anthropology Rock paintings with magnifier on paper close up


Anthropology explores the types of progress made throughout human history. Different jobs come with a degree in the field and help contribute to society's knowledge of the evolution of the species. Find out more about this exciting social science, and why the subject earns acclaim across many academic fields and studies ...
Archaeological Anthropology Skeleton of ancient man found during excavations in the flood zone

Archaeological Anthropology (A Must Read Introduction)

The notion that archaeology is all about studying old rocks is amusingly inaccurate, but then again, so is the misconception that all archaeological findings are as awesome as pyramids and cities. The reality is that the field is far more diverse than its misrepresentations. It’s a study of all aspects of human activity throughout the ages via looking at the ...
Cultural Anthropology Studies 1

Cultural Anthropology Studies (A Look Into)

What is Cultural Anthropology? Have you ever thought about your culture and where it comes from? Our cultures as we know them today stem from basic practices in the past. In those time, our ancestors would carry out activities based on where they lived. For example, festivals may have been a reminder of something else centuries ago. Cultural anthropology studies ...
What is Sociocultural Anthropology 1

What is Sociocultural Anthropology? (An Introduction)

We can understand the discipline better when assessing the two branches of study that form it. On one hand, cultural anthropology applies to learning about ethnographic records that give a holistic view about how culture influences an individual’s experience. It also aims to provide a well-rounded perspective of a society’s customs and knowledge. So, what is sociocultural anthropology? On the ...
What is Biological Anthropology Human skulls standing on the glass shelf at the State Darwin museum

What Is Biological Anthropology?

The study of anthropology goes further than just examining rocks. Some would say that it’s not as exciting as going on adventures in unknown lands. The reality of biological anthropology isn’t as clear-cut as one would see in sci-fi movies. Despite this, the field is not any less fascinating. Biological anthropology goes into the physical details of man’s and the ...
Fields of Anthropology Pictograph rock art at Seminole State Historical Park TX

Fields of Anthropology (An Introduction)

Anthropology is the act of studying humans, human behaviors, and societies both in the past and in the present. It is a broad discipline that covers virtually all the fields of life including social sciences and natural sciences. In fact, such broad diversity is one of the main concerns of the various fields of anthropology. Humans are complex beings whose ...
History of Anthropology 1

History of Anthropology (Introduction)

Anthropology is the study of humanity. It is a branch of science dealing with all aspects of humanity. Focuses include language, culture and natural character of everything. Anthropology has its main concern revolving around certain main elements. For instance, who homo sapiens were and who were the predecessors of the modern human species. In the long history of anthropology, this ...
Outstanding Anthropologists anthropologist road sign illustration design over a white background

Outstanding Anthropologists (10 Phenomenal Careers)

You may be familiar with the iconic line up of man's evolution from a stooped ape-like figure to a man with a briefcase, and you would be correct in associating the concept with anthropology. However, evolutionary theory is just a small subset of fields that fall within the grand arch of anthropological studies. The field, ultimately, analyzes humans as a ...
What Is Linguistic Anthropology Culture word cloud concept on black background

What Is Linguistic Anthropology? (Importance)

Have you ever thought about how the language we speak controls our world and individual lives? Well, it’s true; various social and cognitive psychological studies show that the language we interact with others in, deeply affects the decisions we make in our day-to-day lives. Anthropology is the general study of human progress. You might wonder then, what is linguistic anthropology? ...
Current Events in Anthropology Neanderthal man is a drawing

Current Events in Anthropology

What is Anthropology? To answer this question, let us look at the different academic areas covered in anthropological research. It is a broad subject that deals with humans, ancient hominids, and even extends to great apes such as chimpanzees. The experts in the field primarily research the history and development of human anatomy and behavior, especially in its earliest stages ...
Anthropology Rock paintings with magnifier on paper close up

About Anthropology

How do you connect the days of hunters and gatherers to our modern world? The study of development within human tribes and communities is a vibrant area of historical significance. Many jobs and degree programs teach types of anthropology to students to determine the biological and social progress of our species.

Anthropology is the study of human progress throughout history. Through the study of ancient civilization and artifacts, experts determine what sorts of tools and practices the earliest humans utilized. By doing so, professionals draw a historical timeline of humankind to understand the evolution of the species better.

If you want to pursue jobs involved in studying the progress of humans, then anthropology is the best sort of degree to obtain. Here are the different types of anthropology and the main ideas behind this rich subject of knowledge.

Anthropology Articles on History and Background

Anthropology jobs study the roots and behaviors of humankind that make our species unique. From our evolutionary pasts to our modern present, from the individual to society. Although it doesn’t focus so much on culture—sociology takes charge of that area.

Anthropology jobs focus more on other aspects of humans like our physical traits, environmental and social relations, and general culture. It is particularly interested in how these things have changed over time, making archaeology and other historical record analysis an essential part of the field. In this category of Direct Knowledge, you’ll find various anthropology articles exploring the history and topics of the area, the main issues within it, and new developments on the horizon.

The term anthropology originally appeared in Renaissance Germany, but first started being used in English in the early 18th century. At first, it was only sporadically in use but increasingly gained popularity. By the mid-1800s, multiple organizations of anthropologists formed in the US and Europe. Some of the main goals of these organizations were defending human rights, such as opposing slavery.

19th Century Developments to Biological Anthropology

Throughout the 19th century, studies in linguistics, anatomy, history, and ethnic studies began contributing more to biological anthropology. Theorists in these fields saw many similarities between diverse groups of people often thought to be entirely different from one another. And not just similarities between people; they saw that animals and humans might not be so different from one another either. They started to explore the pathways through which these similarities appeared in people, languages, cultures, and species.

Charles Darwin’s book On the Origin of Species was a culmination and affirmation of many of the suspicions that had arisen concerning the similarities between species. Much of the focus of theorists at this point became the goal of determining what distinguishes humans explicitly from other animals. Aspects such as speech, civilization, psychology, and anatomy were considered the keys to this distinction. Throughout the end of the 19th century, the number of official anthropological societies and organizations increased dramatically.

Now, biological anthropology has reached a global level of proliferation with many subdivisions. Anthropology jobs and articles that exist cover many topics and platforms. Some of the newer fields of research include gender equality and multiculturalism, but in general, there are four main fields. Below you’ll find brief descriptions of the four tracks as well as links to articles with further details.

Main Subdivisions of Anthropology Articles


Anthropology jobs focus on the physical aspects of humans. It especially looks at the physical differences and similarities between humans and other species of animals. These differences include the species that humans originate from, making evolution a vital part of the discipline. You can find biological anthropology articles here. The branches are paleoanthropology, human biology, primatology, evolutionary psychology, evolutionary biology, paleopathology, and bioarchaeology.


Archaeology is the study of specific human remains and activities from the past. This field usually involves the recovery of items or analysis of landscapes affected by humans. Through looking at these things from the past, we can determine how people lived and events that happened to them or that they directly caused. Archaeology is particularly critical when written records don’t exist either from destructive events or from the lack of record-keeping altogether. This field is sometimes considered its distinct discipline from types of biological anthropology. Depending on the region, the close relationship between the two is undeniable.


Anthropology jobs look at the sociological and cultural aspects of the field. This subsect means looking at how humans interact with one another and their surroundings. The types of sociocultural anthropology articles here involve psychology, philosophy, literature, and history. Studying these areas helps us understand the differences between societies so that we can better accept them. These differences are increasingly crucial in today’s age of globalization, where so much mixing of cultures is taking place the world over. Some of the main areas of study are kinship, law and conflict resolution, consumption and exchange patterns, material culture, technology, gender, ethnicity, religion, and social, economic, and political organization.


Because the human ability to speak is generally unique, we focus significantly on understanding its origins and characteristics. Although the ability to speak verbally isn’t the only remarkable characteristic in this field. Non-verbal communication through signs, gestures, and writing are also critical both today and in the evolution of language and communication. Related areas that often found in types of linguistic anthropology articles are cognitive linguistics, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, and pragmatics. This field also looks at modern language and communication between cultures. This topic makes anthropology an essential part of international relations and peacekeeping.

A Degree and Careers in Anthropology

A job in this field might be a good fit if you’re interested in different cultures throughout the place and time. It’s also best if you are open to new ideas and ways of thinking. After all, the job will likely involve interaction with foreign cultures and methods of living.

The tasks of the job itself can range far and wide and include a range of positions. Anthropologists generally work for the government, consulting firms, or research organizations. They might perform hands-on work in laboratories or the field, mainly if specializing in archaeology. Some potential positions might include attorney, professor, human resource representative, media planner, or international relations positions.

Before starting a career in the field, one would need a master’s degree in anthropology, and potentially a Ph.D. as well. Working after only obtaining a bachelor’s could be possible, but limits opportunities to lower positions such as assistant positions and fieldwork. The median pay for master’s degree holders is over 60,000 dollars, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, with a small amount of growth in the field.

All of these factors depend on the specific areas of education and work. You can understand what anthropologists are capable of by checking out the articles in this category. Use them to supplement classes for students who are getting into the field, or keep the curious mind up to date.

Anthropology Books

What truly makes us human is somewhat up for debate, and always has been. Some say we can create and use language. Some say our interconnected societies and the ability to work together. Others see it as a purely biological feature resulting from evolution. These biological anthropology books delve into the details of the college degree, looking at how they relate to people and society and how that relationship has changed over time.

Anthropology Books Archaeology Researcher Reconstructing Ancient Tool

A Look at People Through Time and Space

To study anthropology means studying the meaning of culture, behavior, and societies through time. Big and small, ancient and modern; all organizations can teach us a great deal. And learning about people from the past can shed light on our way of life today. We might rediscover methods of living and doing things that disappeared over time. Or, maybe we can learn from the mistakes that others made and be able to avoid the same blunders.

Culture and Relationships Between People

One essential part of this field is the cultural aspect. After all, a lot of what happens to people and societies has to do with their culture. Entire civilizations have fallen because they had customs and ways of life that clashed with their environment. Alternatively, different cultures have violently clashed with one another to cause problems. You can read fascinating stories about such events in anthropology books such as An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropology. There you’ll not only learn the history but also learn the why behind it and how we can alter our behavior today to avoid the same fates.

Similarly, The Art of Being Human gives beginners an inspiring but essential view of the discipline. It even has an accompanying online course by the same author to cover the material as thoroughly as possible. In addition to learning fascinating facts about the past of humans, readers also learn applicable skills. They’ll participate in challenges at the end of each of ten lessons to solidify their knowledge as well as get the tools for doing their research after finished reading the book.

Getting Technical

Although an anthropology degree focuses mostly on culture, it still has many types of scientific focus. Through the books in this category, you can explore these various topics and discover how they relate to one another. For example, some of the main issues in the field are biology and archaeology, which sit alongside linguistics and sociocultural studies. They can get into the details of the skeletal structure, diet, psychology, and physical evolution of our ancestors, but always relate these factors to how they affect society. It’s an exciting mix of humanities and sciences, sitting somewhere in the middle.

What You Can Gain From Anthropology Books

Scientific or not, reading books on the topic of anthropology can increase your knowledge about subjects such as history, law, culture, linguistics, and the methods used in the field. But it’s about more than just learning facts and information. In a modern sense, anthropology strikes a balance between studying the differences between people as well as the things we all have in common. That is, using critical thinking and analysis to understand people and society at a deeper level, understanding how we interact with each other, and why.

Some issues in anthropology today include the treatment of indigenous groups experiencing either isolation or forced integration. Globalization as a whole presents many problems in need of understanding. An ever an increasing “us” vs. “them” mentality poses threats to the peaceful integration of the world.

However, many describe anthropology as “the art of making the familiar exotic, and the exotic familiar.” Keep this in mind as you’re looking through potential reading material. Consider that topics that look familiar are likely to hold many new ideas to expand your account. Similarly, items that might sound like they’re not your speed give a perfect chance to become familiar with something new.

Anthropology FAQ

Curious about the different types of anthropology you can study with a college degree? Read these questions to increase your basic understanding of the subject.

What is the study of anthropology?

The study of anthropology is the process of tracking and documenting human progress over time. Different branches of the subject cover social, physical, and linguistic developments within the species. Anthropology sorts out a timeline of growth to increase knowledge about the behaviors, beliefs, and activities throughout the history of man.

What can you do with a degree in anthropology?

A degree in anthropology opens up many opportunities to study artifacts and documents of humankind’s evolution. Many anthropology students and professionals go on to work in museums or conduct field research. Others use their knowledge to develop interactive media projects to help teach the public about different findings in the field.

What are the examples of anthropology?

Anthropology examples include the study of different artifacts and findings uncovered during research and fieldwork. Many anthropologists write research papers on various discoveries to circulate amongst colleagues. Other examples include museum exhibits to inform the public on different practices humans used in the past. Likewise, anthropologists also work on documentaries and movies to uphold accuracy.

Is there a demand for anthropologists?

There is a demand for anthropologists in academia and research to continue developing a well-rounded knowledge of human progress. Many fields, including history, natural science, and sociology, utilize anthropology to develop better theories and basis for learning. The pool of anthropologists working now helps produce significant research, and there is always a demand for more professionals in the field.


  • Created by professionals with the intent of helping others become professionals, Direct Knowledge began by simply pulling together the best articles and media it could find. The company was officially founded on November 10, 2017 by a professor who wanted to share his knowledge with anyone. With an academic background and a passion for professional and individual development, the Direct Knowledge mission started with one passion: grow knowledge and offer a comprehensive place to learn, discuss, and network.

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